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Stimulus Habituation
Date: June 3, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024) Stimulus Habituation. Human-Animal Science.DefinitionHabituation is the nonassociative learning process whereby an organism becomes less responsive to repeated stimulus presentations.IntroductionHabit...
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Vacuum Activity: An Ethological Perspective
Date: May 3, 2024Vacuum activity is a term within the science of ethology that brings to light the instinctual actions of animals without the presence of external stimuli that would generally invoke such behaviors. This is a concept of high theoret...
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Reinforcement: A Comprehensive View
Date: April 3, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). Reinforcement: A Comprehensive View. Human-Animal Science.DefinitionReinforcement is an operant procedure in which anything that, when presented (+) or removed (-) concurrently or immediately a...
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How Wolves Saved Yellowstone: Full Documentary
Date: March 6, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). How Wolves Saved Yellowstone. Human-Animal Science.In 1995, Yellowstone National Park became the stage for a landmark event in wildlife conservation and ecological restoration: the reintroduction of...
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Understanding How Emotions Are Reinforced
Date: March 1, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). Understanding How Emotions Are Reinforced. Human-Animal Science.Contemporary trends in dog training suggest that emotions cannot be reinforced. This publication critically examines the traditional b...
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Turmeric: A Natural Golden Glow
Date: February 19, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). Turmeric: A Natural Golden Glow. Human-Animal Science.This post is intended for educational purposes only and is based on scientific studies. It is not a substitute for professional veterinary a...
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Charles Darwin: Life & Legacy
Date: February 12, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). Charles Darwin: Life & Legacy. Human-Animal Science.Charles Darwin, a seminal figure in the annals of scientific history, is predominantly celebrated for his foundational role in the develop...
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Are You Unintentionally Neglecting Your Pet?
Date: November 5, 2023How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). Are You Unintentionally Neglecting Your Pet? Human-Animal Science.Throughout my career, I have introduced the concept of unintentional neglect in animal training and written an encyclopedia ...
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Pet Abuse: A Comprehensive View
Date: January 12, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). Pet Abuse, A Comprehensive View. Human-Animal Science.DefinitionPet abuse, also known as animal abuse or cruelty, refers to the deliberate, intentional, or unintentional acts of inflicting physic...
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Is Pet Ownership Right for You? A Guide For Owners and Trainers
Date: January 1, 2024How to cite: Barata, R. (2024). Is Pet Ownership Right for You? Human-Animal Science.The decision to welcome a pet into one's household is a profound commitment, demanding serious consideration and impacting daily life sign...
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Understanding Cortisol and Stress in Dogs
Date: November 18, 2023How to cite: Barata, R. (2023). Understanding Cortisol and Stress in Dogs, A Review. Human-Animal Science.Cortisol, often called the "stress hormone," is vital in managing stress in humans and animals, influencing biologi...
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Zimen's Wolf-Dog Experiment
Date: November 5, 2023How to cite: Barata, R. (2023). Zimen’s Wolf-Dog Experiment. Human-Animal Science.Erik Zimen's foray into the domain of animal behavior, known as the “Wolf-Dog Experiment,” marked a significant milestone in understanding c...
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Ritualized Behavior
Date: November 5, 2023How to cite: Barata, R. (2023). Ritualized Behavior. Human-Animal Science.Ritualized behaviors are evolved actions that serve specific communicative functions across species. They undergo ritualization to enhance signal transmi...
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Dogs and Sleep: The Forgotten and Underestimated Need
Date: June 1, 2023How to cite: Barata, R. (2023). Dogs and Sleep: The Forgotten and Underestimated Need. Human-Animal Science.What is the circadian rhythm in dogs?The circadian rhythm in dogs refers to the natural, daily cycle of hormone levels in t...
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Why Don't They Say "Goodbye"?
Date: April 19, 2023How to cite: Barata, R. (2023). Why Don't They Say "Goodbye"?. Human-Animal Science.Pet lossLosing a pet may be challenging for many people, as pets are frequent companions that provide unconditional affection and em...
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